The options for testing on Android’s smart platform
Getting an app tested on Android or iOS does not have much difference. The actual procedure that it takes for testing an app in both the platforms is the same, and similar is the end result too. But the difference can be pointed out only when we have a deeper look into the whole procedure.
The reason why Android stand apart is because of it has a lot of possibilities. The devices which iOS works on are iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch. Though these devices are almost common in features, the factors that make them different are the memory size, pixel density, screen resolution and speed of the processor.
While we take a look at the case of Android, we can find a whole lot of devices around with almost the same features like processor speed, memory size, screen resolution and operating system fragmentation.
Android Apps usually are developed in such a way that they meet the requirement of the whole lot of users out there. If it is a game app, usually they try to focus mainly on the latest and the high end devices. On the other hand, a utility application gets the privilege of being used by a large number of audiences and hence it has to be focused on more number of varieties of devices.
Android Software Developing kit contains Android testing framework that has a testing API that is mainly based on monkeyrunner and JUnit. With the help of Android JUnit, developers are able to test the Android components as well as the Android API with the help of pre built component test case classes.
Monkeyrunner on the other hand, is an API that is based on Python, and helps you to create programs that are able to control particular devices from the perspective of a user. In short, you will be able to create tests for the purpose of running the app on a various devices or emulators. This will in turn interact with the app by sending its keystrokes and capture its screenshots.
Other kinds of testing frameworks available are Robotium and Robolectric. Robotium runs tests in the emulators for those against Android API. Robolectric is a unit test framework. It runs in the IDE. Yet another option for testing framework is Espresso that is used for a specific purpose. It is an API used to test against the Android UI.
Though all the mentioned testing options are excellent, when you are onto building a hybrid app, you might not be able to use them at all. If you are on for a cross platform automation framework that will help you to build tests in whichever language you prefer for both Android as well as iOS, then you can choose Appium.
Another popular testing framework that has been popular for years is Flurry. If you prefer to have a report and detailed crash reports, you can prefer to choose Flurry. Though it is not of help to you during the development phase of the app, you will be happy to know that Google collects crash reports for any app in their Play Store. If you want real testing, and if you are willing to pay for it then considering services like App Thwack or Testdroid would help you a lot.